PHILADELPHIA CREAM- While more women enter the field of academic medicine than ever before, they are less likely to be recognized as experts and leaders; they are less likely to receive prestigious awards, to be promoted to full professor, hold managerial positions, Where author of original research or commentary in major journals. What’s more, articles published by women in high-impact medical journals also have fewer citations than those written by men, especially when women are the lead and lead authors, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine. and the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics. at the University of Pennsylvania, published today in JAMA Open Network.
The researchers found that of the 5,554 articles published in 5 major academic medical journals between 2015 and 2018, 35.6% had a female principal author and 25.8% had a female principal author. During this period, articles with women as the lead author were referenced in other academic papers an average of 36 times, compared with 54 citations of papers with male lead authors. The trend extended to articles with senior female authors, which were cited a median of 37 times, while articles by male counterparts received a median of 51 citations. Original articles with women as lead and lead authors were cited the fewest times, with a median of 33 citations, while articles written by men as lead and lead authors were cited the most often, with a median of 33 citations. median of 59 times.
“The number of times a peer-reviewed article cited by other researchers is commonly used as a measure of academic recognition, influence, as well as in professional reviews and promotions,” says lead author . Paula Chatterjee, MD, MPH, assistant professor of general internal medicine at Penn Medicine. “Women academics already face a number of barriers to career advancement, and the disparity in citations only widens the gap between them and their male peers. ”
The authors also note that some of the journals included in the study focus on the field of internal medicine, which generally has a higher proportion of women represented than other clinical specialties. As a result, the results may actually underestimate the differences in citations of scientific articles between male and female authors.
“The gender disparities in the quotes are only one way to look at the inequalities in academic medicine. Our results highlight that the disparities stem in part from inequalities in the recognition and amplification of research. This imbalance will not be resolved by hiring and mentoring more women alone, ”said lead author, Rachel Werner, MD, Ph.D., executive director of the Leonard Davis Institute for Health Economics. “We also need to ensure that women already in academic medicine are also valued and promoted for their contributions and successes. From journals publishing this work to academic institutions promoting articles once published, everyone should be involved in bridging this gender gap.
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