What type of certificate does your website need?

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If you’re about to start a website or just finished building one, it’s time to think about what type of digital certificate your site needs. There are many different types, and some will be more suitable than others depending on the nature of your business. We’ll go through each of them here and give you an idea of ​​what would be best for certain situations.

What is SSL?

SSL is a security protocol that provides encrypted communication between your web browser and the website to which it is connected. It also prevents third parties from stealing sensitive data, such as passwords or financial information, which could be used without authorization. This makes SSL encryption important for ecommerce businesses where users make payments online.

Why do you need it for your website?

As a business owner, you need to protect your website and the data sent to it. Without encryption, operating an online store or service involves many risks. These include:

– Loss of personal information such as credit card details

– Identity theft – by using SSL certificates on websites, hackers of your website ask the user for any kind of sensitive data, such as a password or credit card details; this will require SSL encryption.

This could be because you are sending these transactions to an external payment provider where they would become visible outside of the secure environment created by SSL certificates. For example, if someone had access to the network, they could intercept the data and use it for their purposes.

What type of SSL do you need?

There are four main types: Domain Validation (DV), Organization Validation (OV), Extended Validation (EV), and Generic Certificates. Each has different features depending on your needs, so we’ll take a look at them in more detail below.

Domain validation (DV)

This type of certificate is the most basic and cheapest option to obtain, but it has its limitations when running an online business. A DV SSL will encrypt the communication between visitors to your website and the server, meaning that all data sent or received by either would be secure.

It is also more likely that you will get a validated domain certificate on your personal or home computer, as it is enough to validate the owner of the website. This means that there are fewer requirements compared to OV and EV certificates, which require more verifications before issuing the final encryption files.

Validated Organization (OV)

This type of certificate is more suitable for an owner who wants to develop his business online. It requires a representative of the domain owner’s organization to verify that it is legally registered and has been operating for at least 12 months, which could be difficult if you are running a website on your own or are just starting out. open it.

The main advantage of OV certificates is that all data sent between the web browser and the server will be encrypted with 2048-bit encryption files, which will likely be suitable for most types of e-commerce transactions where sensitive data needs to be protected. . In addition, provided there is no problem, users should receive warnings regarding the use of invalid certificates, which will help your users and visitors to feel secure when they visit you online. .

Extended validation (EV)

This type of SSL certificate is the most well-known because it looks different in a web browser. So there are some features that should be checked before providing encryption files for websites. To obtain EV certification, companies must prove their organization. They also have to pass more rigorous checks on who runs or owns the business itself, which means there could be issues if you’re running a website from home and you don’t want all of those details to be. made public. However, one of the advantages is that no warning message should appear regarding invalid certificates, as browsers such as Chrome and Firefox prioritize this verification process over other types of security.

Generic certificates

Generic certificates are designed for businesses that host multiple websites on the same domain. They work the same as DV and OV SSL, but they can be used on all your subdomains. So if you have a website with blog posts that are linked to another site that sells products, this type of certificate will again cover both. There will be no browser warning when users visit any of these sites while using an EV or Generic SSL certificate.

Why domain validation certificates are not recommended

While DV Certificates are the cheapest option if you run an online business, they don’t offer the same level of security as OV and EV SSLs. This is because when a browser connects to your site, it sends information about its origin for your website to identify who has visited so that all responses can be returned correctly.

However, a hacker could intercept this data using man-in-the-middle attacks to bypass the encryption files, making them vulnerable to identity theft or other types of fraud, which would have serious consequences for their financial situation. Additionally, Google Chrome will display alerts during web browsing sessions such as “secure” messages when users log into a website protected by a DV SSL certificate. This alert does not offer the same peace of mind as OV and EV certificates because it leaves users vulnerable to theft of their information. This would therefore be particularly problematic in online transactions such as buying or selling goods and services on an e-commerce site.

Ultimately, it just depends on what you want your website to accomplish. If you are looking for a site that will provide information about your business and its products, then an SSL certificate may be the best. However, if you are hoping to create a more interactive experience with customers or visitors who want to transact online, a digital signature may be better for you.

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